A REPORT ON A CULTURAL HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR A PROPOSED FILLING STATION WITH ANCILLERY FACILITIES ON PLOT 43, KLEINFONTEIN AGRICULTURAL HOLDINGS, WINBURG, FREE STATE PROVINCE
Archaetnos cc was requested by Landscape Dynamics Environmental Consultants to conduct a cultural heritage impact assessment (HIA) for a proposed filling station at Jakkalsdrift on plot 43, Kleinfontein Agricultural holdings. This is close to the town of Winburg in the Free State Province.
The methodology for the study includes a survey of literature and a field survey. The latter was conducted according to generally accepted HIA practices and was aimed at locating all possible objects, sites and features of cultural significance in the area of proposed development.
If required, the location/position of any site was determined by means of a Global Positioning System (GPS), while photographs were also taken where needed. The survey was undertaken by doing a physical survey via off-road vehicle and on foot and covered as much as possible of the area to be studied. Certain factors, such as accessibility, density of vegetation, etc. may however influence the coverage.
All sites, objects, features and structures identified were documented according to the general minimum standards accepted by the archaeological profession. Co-ordinates of individual localities were determined by means of the Global Positioning System (GPS). The information was added to the description in order to facilitate the identification of each locality.
During the survey one site of cultural heritage significance was identified.
The following is recommended:
- Remains of a farm dam wall was identified. The site is of low cultural significance. It may therefore be mitigated.
- If possible the wall should remain in situ. However, if not, it may be demolished after receiving a destruction permit from the Provincial Heritage Resources Authority of the Free State.
- After implementation of the recommendations, the development may continue.
- It should be noted that the subterranean presence of archaeological and/or historical sites, features or artifacts is always a distinct possibility. Due to the density of vegetation it also is possible that some sites may only become known later on. Operating controls and monitoring should therefore be aimed at the possible unearthing of such features. Care should therefore be taken when development commences that if any of these are discovered, a qualified archaeologist be called in to investigate the occurrence.