A report on the assessment of possible graves located on portion 21 of the farm Kalbasfontein 284 JS, Exxaro Inyanda Coal Mine near Witbank (Emalahleni), Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by Exxaro’s Inyanda Coal Mine to assess and document a number of possible graves found on portion 21 the farm Kalbasfontein 284 JS during mining operations. The area where the possible graves are located falls within in an area where opencast pit operations are to commence soon. The mine has been in operation since 2008, and this work forms part of ongoing mining operations at Inyanda Coal Mine. A Heritage Impact Assessment has been completed for the mine.

The aims of the assessment were to determine if the features (stone and soil heaps) are in fact graves, the number of possible graves that will be impacted and also to recommend on the best way forward in terms of mitigation measures.

Although it is our believe that the features identified on the site do not represent graves, we are putting forward a number of recommendations at the end of this report in order to remove the liability for the mine. After this has been implemented there would be no objection to the mining operations continuing in the area.

Report by

A.J. Pelser &
Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.)