A report on a heritage impact assessment for the Exxarro Leeuwpan Coal Consolidation of Empr’s, close to Delmas in the Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was appointed by GCS to conduct a heritage study for the proposed consolidation of EMPR’s at the Exxarro Leeuwpan Coal mine. This is located close to Delmas in the Mpumalanga Province.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed six sites of cultural heritage significance. Sites identified during previous surveys and by mine personnel are however also included briefly since this is a consolidation of information. This brings the total number of sites to seventeen. These are discussed in the report.

Most of the sites will be directly impacted on by the development, while others will only be secondary impacted on. As a result the proposed mitigation measures are keeping this in mind. The developer also needs to take note that all archaeological and historical sites may not have been identified. It also is possible that subterranean archaeological sites may be found later on. On identification of these it needs to dealt with by an archaeologist.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L. Akad. S.A.)