A report on a heritage impact assessment for the proposed Umcebo Rietfontein Opencast Mine near Middelburg in the Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was appointed by Cabanga Concepts to conduct a cultural heritage study for the proposed Umcebo Rietfontein opencast coal mine. This is located close to Middelburg in the Mpumalanga Province.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed six sites of cultural heritage significance. Two of these (both grave sites) are of high cultural significance. The one may be mitigated, but the other one not. The latter is an extremely important site and it needs to be protected byt all means. The project will therefore only be able to continue if this can be guaranteed. For the other four sites no mitigation is required.

Note should also be taken that all archaeological and historical sites may not have been identified as it is possible that subterranean archaeological sites may be found later on. On identification of these it needs to be dealt with by an archaeologist.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L. Akad. S.A.) - Accredited member of ASAPA