A report on a heritage impact assessment for the proposed Umsombomvu Coal Mine close to Dundee, Kwazulu-Natal Province


Archaetnos cc was appointed by Hydro Science to conduct a cultural heritage study for the proposed Umsombomvu Coal Mine. This is situated on a number of farms close to Dundee in the KwaZulu-Natal Province.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed thirty sites of cultural heritage significance. These date to the Iron Age and the recent historical past or Historical Age. The sites are discussed in the report.

As no mine plan is available it is unknown whether the sites will be directly impacted on by the development. This is due to survey being used to determine where to place infrastructure etc. Mitigation measures proposed therefore give the necessary options and indicate which of these sites may not be disturbed. The development may continue after implementation of the mitigation measures.

The developer also needs to take note that all archaeological and historical sites may not have been identified. Apart from natural factors this is also due to certain farms not being accessible. It also is possible that subterranean archaeological sites may be found later on. On identification of these it needs to be dealt with by an archaeologist.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L. Akad. S.A.) - Accredited member of ASAPA