A report on a cultural heritage impact assessment for the proposed Vryheid Coronation Colliery passive treatment site, Kwazulu-Natal Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by Hydro Science to conduct a cultural heritage impact assessment for the proposed Vryheid Coronation Colliery Passive Treatment Site. This is at the township of Thukuzele close to the town of Vryheid in the KwaZulu-Natal Province.

A survey of the available literature was undertaken in order to obtain background information regarding the area. This was followed by the field survey which was conducted according to generally accepted HIA practices, aimed at locating all possible objects, sites and features of cultural significance in the area of the proposed development.

All sites, objects, features and structures identified were to be documented according to the general minimum standards accepted by the archaeological profession. Co-ordinates of individual localities were determined by means of a Global Positioning System (GPS). The information was added to photographs and the description in order to facilitate the identification of each locality.

During the survey, one site of cultural heritage significance was located on one of the proposed routes for a pipeline (alternative 3) which needs to be installed as part of the development. The site is discussed in the report and is of high cultural significance. It therefore is proposed that this route is not used or that the line be deviated in order to miss the site. Bearing this in mind, the development may continue.

It should be noted, however, that the subterranean presence of archaeological and/or historical sites, features or artifacts is always a distinct possibility. Care should therefore be taken when the development commences further that if any of these are discovered, a qualified archaeologist be called in to investigate.

It should be noted that it is the client’s responsibility to do the submission of this report via the SAHRIS System on the SAHRA website. No work on site may commence before receiving the necessary comments from SAHRA.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.)