A report on a cultural heritage impact assessment for a proposed mining right application at the Overlooked colliery, between Bethal and Hendrina, Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by Cabanga Concepts to conduct a cultural heritage impact assessment for a mining right application for the Overlooked Colliery. This is on the farm Halfgewonnen190 IS, between Bethal and Hendrina in the Mpumalanga Province.
A survey of the available literature was undertaken in order to obtain background information regarding the area. This was followed by the field survey which was conducted according to generally accepted HIA practices, aimed at locating all possible objects, sites and features of cultural significance in the area of the proposed development.
All sites, objects features and structures identified were to be documented according to the general minimum standards accepted by the archaeological profession. Co-ordinates of individual localities were determined by means of a Global Positioning System (GPS). The information was added to photographs and the description in order to facilitate the identification of each locality.
During the survey two sites of cultural heritage significance were located. These are discussed in the report and mitigation measures are proposed. After implementation of these, the proposed development may continue.
It should be noted however that the subterranean presence of archaeological and/or historical sites, features or artifacts is always a distinct possibility. Care should therefore be taken when the development commences further that if any of these are discovered, a qualified archaeologist be called in to investigate.
It is also important to take cognizance that it is the client’s responsibility to do the submission of this report via the SAHRIS System on the SAHRA website. No work on site may commence before receiving the necessary comments from SAHRA.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.)