A report on a cultural heritage impact assessment for the Alexander Project near Kriel, Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by Synergistics Environmental Services to conduct a cultural heritage impact assessment for the Alexander Project. This was done for an Environmental Management Programme (EMPr) Amendment. The project spans over a large area, including various farms, close to Kriel in the Mpumalanga Province.

A survey of the available literature was undertaken in order to obtain background  information regarding the area. This was followed by the field survey which was conducted according to generally accepted Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) practices, aimed at locating all possible objects, sites and features of cultural significance in the area of the proposed development.

All sites, objects features and structures identified were to be documented according to the general minimum standards accepted by the archaeological profession. Co-ordinates of individual localities were determined by means of a Global Positioning System (GPS). The information was added to photographs and the description in order to facilitate the identification of each locality.

During the survey twenty nine sites of cultural heritage significance were located. These are discussed in the report and mitigation measures are proposed. After implementation of these, the proposed development may continue.

It should be noted however that due to the vastness of area, coupled with other factors, this definitely is an under representation of heritage sites in the area. Also, due to the subterranean presence of archaeological and/or historical sites, features or artifacts, always is a distinct possibility. Therefore, care should be taken that if any other sites are encountered during the development, a qualified archaeologist should be called in to investigate.

It is also important to take cognizance that it is the client’s responsibility to do the submission of this report via the SAHRIS System on the SAHRA website. No work on site may commence before receiving the necessary comments from SAHRA.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.) Accredited member of ASAPA Professional member of SASCH and Zurethe Collins (BA), BA (Hons) Archaeology