A report on a cultural heritage baseline study and impact assessment for the proposed New Kleinfontein Gold Mine (Modder East Operations) close to Springs, Gauteng Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by Prime Resources Environmental Consultants to conduct a cultural heritage baseline study and impact assessment for the proposed Modder East Operations at the New Kleinfontein Gold Mine. This is to the east of the town of Boksburg and to the north of the town of Springs in the Gauteng Province.

A survey of the available literature was undertaken in order to obtain background information regarding the area. This was followed by the field survey which was conducted according to generally accepted HIA practices, aimed at locating all possible objects, sites and features of cultural significance in the footprint area of the proposed development.

All sites, objects features and structures identified were documented according to the general minimum standards accepted by the archaeological profession. Co-ordinates of individual localities were determined by means of a Global Positioning System (GPS). The information was added to photographs and the description in order to facilitate the identification of each locality.

During the survey three sites of cultural heritage significance were located close to the area to be developed. The one is a grave yard and the other two historical buildings. No other cultural resources were identified.

Since this is a baseline study the impact is not yet known and the information obtained during the survey will be used for planning purposes. It would therefore be possible to minimize impact on these resources. As there would then still be a secondary impact the sites will have to be mitigated in accordance with this report.

The proposed development may continue only after proper implementation of the mitigation measures recommended.

It should be noted that the subterranean presence of archaeological and/or historical sites, features or artifacts is always a distinct possibility. Care should therefore be taken when mining commences that if any of these are discovered, a qualified archaeologist be called in to investigate.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.)