A report on a cultural heritage impact assessment for the emp amendment of the Forzando North Coal Mine near Bethal, Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was appointed by GCS to conduct an archaeological and cultural heritage impact assessment for the Forzando North Coal Mine. This forms part of the amendment for the EMP of the mine. The Forzando mine is located 25 km north-east of the town of Bethal in the Mpumalanga Province.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed four sites of cultural heritage significance. Three of these are of high cultural significance. Depending on the options to be implemented, some of these will be directly impacted upon by the development. The report indicates how to deal with this.

Suitable mitigation measures are proposed. Once these have been implemented, the proposed development may continue.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.) Accredited member of ASAPA