A report on the archaeological investigation of graves on the Springboklaagte 416 JS, impacted on by the Mafube colliery coal mining operations near Arnot, Middelburg distirct, Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by GOLDER ASSOCIATES AFRICA, on behalf of Mafube Colliery (Anglo Coal), to carry out the archaeological investigation and exhumation of a number of known and unknown graves located on the farm Springboklaagte 416 JS near Arnot in the Middelburg District, Mpumalanga. This was to be done in conjunction with AVBOB Middelburg A total of 82 graves, including 13 graves of stillborn children and infants from relocated homesteads, were investigated and relocated from the area during March & April 2009.

This document constitutes a final report on the results of the fieldwork undertaken and is associated with Permit 80/08/06/004/51. Each individual burial is discussed in Appendix 2 (Burial Forms). A summarized discussion is also given.

We believe that the archaeological investigation, exhumation and relocation of the graves from the site were conducted successfully and that the mining operations in the area can therefore continue.

Report by

A. J.Pelser & Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven(L.AKAD.SA.)