A report on an archaeology and heritage baseline assessment for the proposed new Wildfontein Opencast Coal Mine on the farm Wildfontein 420 JS, near Arnot, Middelburg Area, Mpumalanga


Archaetnos cc was appointed by Earth Science Solutions (Pty) Ltd conduct a Baseline Archaeological and Heritage Assessment for the proposed new Wildfontein Opencast Coal Mine on Wildfontein 420 JS, near the Belfast/Wondefontein Siding, between Middelburg and Belfast in the Mpumalanga Province.

A number of heritage sites of some significance were identified during the assessment. All the sites and finds date to the recent historical period. The report gives a discussion of the finds and observations made during the fieldwork and also gives an indication of the methodology followed. It also indicates how to deal with any cultural heritage (historical and archaeological) material that may be unearthed or disturbed during the development activities.

Mitigation measures to minimize the impact of the development on the sites that were located during the assessment are put forward at the end of this report. Once these have been implemented the development, from a Cultural Heritage perspective, can continue.

Report by

A.J. Pelser