A report on a cultural heritage impact assessment for the EIA & EMP of the Forzando West coal mine near Bethal, Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was appointed by GCS to conduct an archaeological and cultural heritage impact assessment relating to the EIA & EMP for the Forzando West Coal Mine. The Forzando mine is located 25 km north of the town of Bethal in the Mpumalanga Province.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed one site of cultural heritage significance. This is a graveyard and is of high cultural significance. There will however only be a secondary impact on the site. The report indicates how to deal with this heritage site.

Suitable mitigation measures are proposed. Once these have been implemented, the proposed development may continue.

Report by

Dr. A.C. van Vollenhoven (L.AKAD.SA.)