A report on a cultural resources survey
on the farms Kleinkopje 15 IS and Steenkoolspruit 18 IS,
Douglas Collieries, Emahlahleni District
Mpumalanga Province


Archaetnos cc was requested by DMO PROJECTS, BHP Billiton Energy Coal SA to conduct a cultural resources survey in the area known as Douglas Collieries as part of the Douglas Mine Optimization Project. The areas that were investigated included a number of Grave Sites that were previously identified and where graves were relocated from, as well as areas not previously surveyed. Mining operations are being extended and this survey functioned as a measure to ensure that no further graves or other cultural heritage sites that could exist in the area would be negatively impacted by the developments.

The fieldwork undertaken revealed a number of sites of cultural heritage significance on the property, as well as a possible grave on one of the Grave Sites that were previously investigated. These sites will be impacted upon by the development, and some mitigation measures will have to be considered.

The proposed development through these sites can therefore continue, once these measures have been implemented.

Report by

A.J. Pelser & A.C. van Vollenhoven